As a criminal defense attorney there is no greater satisfaction than hearing a prosecutor say a case has been “dismissed” or a jury saying “not guilty”.
The battle however does not end in the courtroom. A dismissal or not guilty is only the first part of clearing your name.
In this “age of information” a dismissal or not guilty is no better than a conviction for purposes of a person’s record. Failing to take advantage of erasing your record will result in unwanted explanations with employers, landlords, cops, and anyone with access to a computer about previous accusations. The Adamo & Adamo Law Firm has a record sealing attorney who can properly clear your name through an expunction or non-disclosure.
A record is the collection of public information. A criminal record will show the cause number of your case/s, the offense charged, your name, and the disposition (i.e. final result).
The Department of Public Safety (DPS) is the “hub for all criminal history information collected in the state of Texas. Arrests and case related information are reported to the Texas Crime Information center maintained by DPS. Additionally either the original reporting agency or DPS will pass along the information to the National Crime Information Center, maintained by the FBI.
These records are available to the general public via open records requests and increasingly through online portals of court record information (i.e. District Clerk Websites). The records are also sold to private vendors of criminal history record information, private background check companies, mug-shot websites and anyone else willing to spend a little money. Officers and district attorneys have access to this information as well.
No. This will be explained in greater detail below. The only consistency is they are both remedies limiting access to criminal history/record information.
Yes. Obtain your secure criminal history from DPS. This will help your record sealing attorney identify your eligibility for either an expunction or non-disclosure.
|YOU ARE ELIGIBLE IF:||YOU ARE NOT ELIGIBLE IF:|
|Acquittal (i.e. not guilty verdict).||You received court ordered community supervision under Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 42.12 (i.e. deferred adjudication or probation), unless the offense was a Class C Misdemeanor.|
|Dismissal.||If you have been acquitted of an offense but convicted or remain subject to prosecution for at least one other offense. Also known as the criminal episode exception.|
|Unfiled Cases. If you were arrested but no charges have been filed.||The records relate to an arrest/warrant for a probation violation.|
|Successful Completion of Pretrial Intervention or Diversion.||The records relate to the suspension of a driver’s license.|
|Posthumous expunction. Where a close relative of the deceased where the defendant was acquitted, pardoned, or found actually innocent.||The records of financial transactions.|
|Pardoned.||Bail – Jumping.|
|Acquitted on appeal by the court of appeals.|
|*The Statute of Limitations has run.|
A petition for expunction is drafted and filed by your record sealing attorney with the court. The court issues a hearing date. Any agencies in possession of records pertaining to your arrest are served and notified of the petition. Absent an objection, an Agreed Order of Expunction can be signed and filed with the court. If a party objects a hearing will be heard. Typical objections are the statute of limitations hasn’t run or there is a co-defendant in the case. Once signed by the judge all agencies listed in the petition are ordered to destroy their records or return the records to the court to be destroyed. The order prohibits law enforcement and other state agencies from releasing, maintaining, disseminating or using the records for any purpose.
NO! You are granted the right to say “No” to the question, have you ever been arrested or charged with crime. You can also answer the question “Have you ever had a criminal charge expunged?” with a profound “NO”.
There is one exception.
If you are testifying under oath in a criminal proceeding. You can not say “No”, but can say “The matter in question has been expunged”. See Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 55.03
The primary difference, an expunction is the destruction or erasing of your records. A non-disclosure results in blocking your records from the general public. Law enforcement agencies, district attorneys, certain state agencies and licensing boards still have access to the criminal records.
Your record sealing lawyer will determine if you are eligible for a non-disclosure. Non-Disclosures are governed by Tex. Gov’t Code Section 411.081.
|YOU ARE ELIGIBLE IF:||YOU ARE NOT ELIGIBLE IF:|
|You have successfully completed deferred adjudication|
You have been previously convicted or placed on deferred for:
-An offense requiring registration as a sex offender;
-Murder, Injury to a Child, Abandoning or Endangering a Child, Violation of a Protective Order, Stalking; or
-An offense involving family violence You have been convicted or placed on deferred adjudication for any offense (not including Class C misdemeanors) during the term you were on deferred or within certain time periods.
It depends on the offense.
Felonies (eligible for deferred adjudication):
RECORD SEALING LAWYER PRACTICE TIP: The waiting periods apply to the offense for which you plead guilty to and were placed on deferred adjudication for, not the offense for which you were originally charged. For example: Walter White is arrested for Felony Drug Possession (5 year waiting period). His attorney, Saul, negotiates a plea bargain allowing Mr. White to plead guilty to misdemeanor drug possession (no waiting period for non-disclosure) and receive deferred adjudication. Upon the successful completion of deferred adjudication Mr. White is immediately eligible to non-disclose his record of misdemeanor drug possession (as opposed waiting five years).
Briefly, a petition for non-disclosure is drafted and filed with the court by your record sealing attorney. A hearing is set. If the court finds it is in the “best interest of justice” for the records to be sealed, the judge will sign the petition’s order requiring DPS to notify all law enforcement agencies, jails, other detention facilities, magistrates, courts, prosecuting attorneys, correctional facilities, central state depositories of criminal records, and other officials or agencies subject to the order of the pertinent records to be sealed.
While you can not deny being arrested (as you can with an expunction), you do not have to disclose existence of the arrest and prosecution in applications for employment.
Erasing (expunction) or blocking (non-disclosure) your criminal records is absolutely essential to keep reliving the day of arrest. A clean slate can mean the difference between having a job, obtaining a license, having a place to live, or even traveling to another country. Take advantage of this immeasurable tool by contacting our record sealing attorneys today!
3200 Travis 4th Floor Houston, TX 77006